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    教案作者:佚名   教案来源:不详   教案栏目:高三英语教案    收藏本页

    Unit 12 English programmes  [拓展知识]

    1. 词法
       (1) with the name
         [说明]with the name 意思是 “称为” ,相当于called/named 以及定语从句 “whose
          name is…”。还有 “by the name of…”等。
          例如:The young man called Tom is Kates brother.
            叫汤姆的年轻人是凯特的兄弟。
            In America there is a city with the name “Boston”.
            在美国有一个名叫波士顿的城市。
       (2) do
         [说明] do 除了作实义动词外,还有很多种助动词用法。在“If you do have difficulties,
          it is better to try again another day.”句中,do是助动词,用来加强语气。助动词do,
          does, did 可用于一般现在时和一般过去时的肯定陈述句中,与动词连用,以加强语气,在句
          中要重读。翻译时将其强调的意思表达出来即可。
          例如:He did come yesterday.
            他昨天确实来了。(注意把come恢复原形)
            Li Ming does speak Japanese very well.
            李明日语的确说得好(注意speak 要恢复原形)。
            Do be careful.
            千万小心。
       (3) go with
         [说明] go with
            短语有很多用法,如:陪同,与……有相同观点,配合、适合,常与……在一起等用法。
          例如: Ill go with you.
            我陪你去。
            I cant go with you on that.(I dont agree with you.)
            关于那一点我不同意你的观点。
            These new curtains dont go well with your Persian rugs.
            这些新窗帘与你的波斯地毯不协调。
     [练习题]
        1.Language ____ French, Italian and Spain come from Latin.
          A. because of   B. except for   C. for example   D. such as
        2. Its foolish ___you to do this.
         A. for   B. of   C. about   D. from
        3. The colour of cap doesnt ___ that green coat at all.
         A. go with   B. get on with   C. go on with   D. get with
        4. They found that the article was difficult____.
          A. to be understand   B. understood   C. to understand   D. understand
        5. You can learn foreign languages___ listening to programmes in foreign languages
          ___ the radio.
          A. from ,by   B. with, in   C. and, at   D. by, on
     
    2. 语法句法
       (1) I find listening really hard.
         [说明] 有些动词后面常用形容词,副词或介词短语作宾补,这些词是 find, make, think,
         paint, keep等。
          例如:Sunshine on my shoulder makes me happy.
          阳光洒在我身上,使我感到很开心。
          I found the book interesting.
          我发觉这本书很有趣。
          They painted the wall blue.
          他们把墙刷成蓝色。
          Keep the door open.
          把门开着。
          We seldom found him out.
          我们很少发现他出去。
          When she woke up, she found herself in hospital.
          她醒来的时候发觉自己在医院里。
      (2) 现在完成进行时的用法
        [说明] 现在完成进行时表示从过去开始,一直到现在的动作,这个动作可能刚刚结束,也可
         能还要继续下去,常与表示一段时间的状语连用。
         例如:They have been working in America ever since 1999.
           从1999年他们就一直在美国工作。
           Where have you been? Ive been looking for you for a long time.
           你去哪儿了? 我一直找了你好长时间。
     [练习题]
        1. The policeman ___ who had stolen the bike at last, didnt he?
          A. found out   B. found   C. discovered   D. tested
        2. He didnt attend the party yesterday ____his mothers serious illness.
         A. because   B. because of   C. as a result   D. in fact
        3. Mr Zhang ___in our school ever since 1979.
          A. was teaching   B. is teaching   C. was taught   D. has been teaching
        4. He lived in a room ___ window faced the south.
         A. whose   B. who   C. whos   D. which
        5. Youd better ___here.
         A. not smoking   B. to smoke   C. not smoke   



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