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  • The trick-教学教案

    教案作者:佚名   教案来源:不详   教案栏目:高三英语教案    收藏本页

    教学目标

    1.词汇:turn up, in actual fact, in a flash, hold out, break into, break off, reception desk, happent to sb, be perfect for, as if/though, a flight of stairs, lead to, go straight to, smile to oneself,on top of, have a sudden thought, on one’s arrival, in uniform, ask for sb. by name, may/might /must have done,over one a shoulder,play a trick on sb

    2.重点语法:复习间接引语的用法。

     

    教学建议

    教学重点:

      1.词汇:turn up, in actual fact, in a flash, hold out, break into, break off, reception desk, happent to sb, be perfect for, as if/though, a flight of stairs, lead to, go straight to, smile to oneself,on top of, have a sudden thought, on one’s arrival, in uniform, ask for sb. by name, may/might /must have done,over one a shoulder,play a trick on sb

      2.重点语法:复习间接引语的用法。

    教学教法:

      本文应注重对学生推理能力的训练,特别是面对意外情况,首先应保持镇静,然后积极想办法应对,语言方面应以情态动词表推断为重点。
    词语辨析:

      1.1)have+名词(代词)+done:一般指让某事由某人去做,这里的have有“让”,“请”的意思。They decided to have the old house rebuilt.

      2)这个结构还常表示“遭到某种(不幸的)情况。”

      He had his leg hurt in the accident.Tom had his hands burned.

      3)这个结构有时还可以表示“玩成某事”的意思,此时的have表示完成。

      I won’t have anything said against him.我不允许任何人说反对他的话。

      4)have+名词+done中地have 往往可以用get替换,意义不变。

      I can get the car started.He got his wrist broken.

      2.1)the moment+时间状语从句:一。。。。。。久,表示一个性诶发生后,紧接着发生另一个行为。The moment I saw him I knew there was no hope.

      The moment he spoke we recognized his voice.

      2)类似的名词除moment外,minute,second也可以表示同样意思用作连词。

      3) immediately也可用作连词,相当于as soon as

      Please let me know immediately you get the results.

      3.1)calm(vt,vi):镇静,平静下来,使平静。

      Now calm yourself,please :请你平静下来。

      He was unable to calm her.他无法使他平静。

      2)calm(adj):平静的,沉着的,风平浪静的。

      The high windpassed and thesea was calm again.

      At the end of the second week he began to feel calm.

      4.form(vt,vi)形成,组成,构成

      These ideas have been formed in my mind.

      Clouds are forming on the top of the hill.

      His character was formed at school.

      5.may/might have done表示对过去某事可能性的推测,意为“可能已经。。。。。。”

      用might比用may更表示怀疑。

      It’s twelve now. She may have arrived.

      Must have done :是对过去事情的肯定推测,意为:“肯定已经做了某事。”

      The light is out. He must have gone to bed.

      6.break off:"停止““结束”“折断”

      Those two countries have broken off diplomatic relations again.

      He broke off a branch and give it to me.

      7.It’s (just) like sb. to do sth. 结构

      意为某人(恰恰)就是……这个样子,表示赞扬或不满;若用不定式,则表示怀疑。

      It was (just) like them to leave the work to us. 他们恰恰就把工作推给我们。

      Thats/Its just/exactly like him! 他就是这个样子。

      8.will + have + 过去分词结构

      1)表示过去将来时态,表示将来某个时刻已完成的动作。

      When you come at eight this evening I will have corrected all the papers.

      当你今晚八点来到时我将批改好所有的试卷。

      2)will作情态动词用,作“一定会”;“想必”解。有时表示猜测。

      We will have done the job ahead of time if it doesn’t rain.

      如果不下雨,我们定能提高完成这项工作。

      9.see sb. do sth./ see sb. doing sth
    前者表示“看见某人做了某事”,后者表示“看见某人正在做某事”。比较:

      

      see sb. do sth. 在see用于被动语态形式时要写成be seen to do sth., 注意一个带to, 一个不  带to。

      see sth. doing sth. 改为被动形式时doing不变。

      The boy was seen to fall from the horse.

      Smoke was seen rising from the chimney.

      其它感觉动词observe, notice, hear, look at, listen to 等等都有同样的结构和区别

    语法:直接引语和间接引语

      1)普通陈述句由直接引语变间接引语时需注意人称代词的变化、时态的变化以及某些动词和时间、地点状语的变化。人称代词的变化需根据具体的语境而定。动词时态的变化一般向前推进一个时态,如现在时要改为过去时、过去时改为过去完成时等。某些动词、时间和地点状语的变化可参见下表。

     

      注意人称代词,动词时态,动词,时间及地点状语的变化:

      

      如果时间状语为具体的某年某月某日,在变为间接引语时保留,其相应的时态可以保留不变,有的时态仍需变化,视上下文而定。如:

      

      

      2)如果说直接引语为疑问句,变为间接引语时,除了作出上表所要求的变化外还要将疑问语序改为陈述语序,就像一般宾语从句的语序一样。如果是一般疑问句需加if 或whether表示“是否”。如:

      

      

      3)如果直接引语为祈使句,在变换为间接引语时除了作出上表所要求的变化以外有时还需变换动词。

    比较:

      

     


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