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    教案作者:不详   教案来源:不详   教案栏目:高三英语教案    收藏本页

    教学目标

    词汇:l.burst into laughter 2.look back upon 3.born作形容词,表示“天生的” 4.Simple-minded 5.bring… into touch with(这里的into可以与in互换) 6.human beings 7.pity sb. 8.once作连词的用法 9.be struck by… 10.never…until… 11.keep on doing(sth.)与keep doing(sth.) 12.No matter +关系代词/关系副词的用法 13.Owe… to… 14.vote for 15.in praise of
    语法:主要复习表语的用法,列出了常用的一些连系动词,如:fall,seem,appear,prove,sound,go,remain,make,become和grow。另外,be,get,turn,look,taste,smell等也为连系动词。
    日常交际用语:l.I wonder if I could…
           2.Would/Do you mind if I …?
           3.Go ahead.
           4.You’d better not.
           5.Of course./Yes./Sure./Certainly.
      在书面表达方面,本单元要求学生具有用英语写请求别人允许自己去干某事的信或要求别人向自己提供某件东西的信的能力。写这两种内容的英文信,都要求措辞婉转、礼貌,忌用命令式的语气。

     

    教学建议

    Diction

    1.born(adj.) 相当于destined to be, 意为天生的,生来的,在句中可作定语和表语。如:

      George was a born leader. 乔治是天生的领袖。

      No one is a born slave. 没有人生来就是奴隶。

      All men are born the same, and equal. 所有人出生时都是一样的,都是平等的。

    2.strike(vt.)可作“给留下深刻印象”解,常用于被动结构。如:

      We were struck by the professor’s speech.教授的演讲给我们留下深刻印象。

      Everyone was struck with its beauty.它的美丽给大家留下深刻印象。

      How does the plan strike you?你对计划的印象如何?

    3.短语动词get back相当于return to a former condition,or to a point formerly reached,意为恢复,回复到。如:

      He has got his strength back after his illness.他病后体力已经恢复了。

      The student was glad to get back to his books after a vacation that had seemed too long.在似乎过于漫长的假期后学生乐于回到书本上来。

      get back还可作“回来”(come back),“后退”(move backwards or away),“收回”(gain)解。如:

      I never lend books; it’s difficult to get them back.我从不把书借出,很难讨回书。

      Get back! The roof is falling!往后退!屋顶要塌了!

      He has just got back from his long journey.他长途旅行后已回来。

    4.demanding(adj.)意为苛刻的,要求极高的,费力的,在句中作定语。如:

      This was a demanding job, but he didn’t refuse it.这是一件费事的工作,但他并未拒绝。

      We have to look after the demanding boy.我们不得不照顾那个难对付的孩子。

    5.owe(v.)原作“欠钱”,“欠债”解,引申作“欠情”,“感恩”,“感激”,“归功于”解。owe  sth.to sb.这一结构表示欠某人某物。如:

      I own 50 dollars to him. (= I owed him 50 dollars. )  我欠他50美元。

      We own a great deal to our parents and teachers.我们应对父母和老师感恩戴德。

      I own my knowledge of English to my father. (= I own thanks to my father for the knowledge of English.)我的英语知识是父亲教给我的。

    6.短语动词keep on + v-ing相当于continue + to-v/v-ing意为“继续”,“不顾困难而坚持下去或坚持做某事”。如:

      Although it started raining, they kept on working.虽然开始下雨了,他们仍继续坚持工作。

       The teacher kept on asking the students questions until the bell rang.老师不断向学生提问,直到铃响。

      keep doing sth.和keep on doing sth.意义及用法相同,但后者更强调决心和重要性。如:

      He kept coughing all morning.他整个上午不停地咳嗽。

      He kept on phoning me, but I really didn’t want to talk to him.他不断给我打电话,但我实在不想和他说话。

      keep或keep on后跟表示动作的-ing形式,不可接动词不定式或表示静止状态的-ing形式,不能说He kept on to talk. 也不能说They kept on sitting.

    7.as well as意为和,同;不但……而且。如果主语是单数,后面有as well as引起的短语,谓语动词仍用单数。如:

      On Sundays, his landlady provided dinners as well as breakfast.星期日,房东供应他正餐和早餐。

      Lily as well as Lucy was at home.莉莉和露西都在家里。

      as well as还可作“不但……而且”解,相当于not only…but also,但前者强调句子重心在as well as前,后者强调重心在but also后。如:

      We students of English should study Chinese as well as English. ( =We students of English should study not only English but also Chinese. ) 我们学英语的学生不但要学英语,还要学汉语。

      It is important for you as well as for me.它对你和对我同样重要。

    8.短语go crazy意为发狂,发傻,发疯。go(link-v.)表示“变为”,后跟形容词,有时跟过去分词等。如:

      Your hair has gone quite white.你的头发全白了。

      She went pale at the news.听见这消息她脸色变苍白。

      The children must not go hungry.孩子们不应该挨饿。

      Fruit quickly goes rotten in hot weather.热天里的水果很快腐烂。

      All the men here go armed.这里所有的人武装起来。

      表示“变为”,“改变”还有get,turn,grow,come,run等连系动词。如:

      He has run out of ink.他用完了墨水。

      My dreams came true at last.我的梦想终于实现了。

      Its getting warmer and warmer in spring.春天里天气越来越暖和。

    【知识扩展】

      1.课文中struggling in…是现在分词短语作原因状语,相当于:As I struggled in…。如:

      Being old enough to learn to read and write, she was sent to a nearby primary school.由于她年龄大得可以学读书写字了,她被送往附近的小学上学。

      Not knowing how to find the place, I went to ask a policeman.由于不知道如何找到地方,我去问警察。

      struggle (v./n.)意为奋斗,斗争;挣扎(着走)等。如:

      He struggled in the dark, without advice, without encouragement.他在黑暗中奋力挣扎,无人给他指教或鼓励。

      A bird was caught in the net and was struggling to get free.一只鸟被捕落网,正挣扎着试图得到自由。

      He tried to escape but his struggles were useless.他试图逃跑,但他的挣扎是徒劳的。

      5.表语  连系动词加表语构成复合谓语。表语通常说明主语的身份、特征、状态等。表语通常由下列词类表示。

      1)名词或代词。如:

      Lei Feng remains a hero in our minds.雷锋仍然是我们心目中的英雄。

      This is someone else’s coat. It’s not mine.这是别人的外套,不是我的。

      2)形容词或分词。如:

      Her mother died when she was eight years old.她八岁时母亲去世。

      My speech was ill-formed and not pleasant to hear.我的话很不规范,很不好听。

      Please keep quiet! I’ve something important to tell you.请保持安静!我有要事告诉你。

      3)数词。如:

      Two and two is four.二加二等于四。

      Bill is always the first to arrive.比尔总是第一个到。

      4)动词不定式或-ing形式。如:

      To see is to believe. (或Seeing is believing. ) 眼见为实。

      One of the first things Annie did was to teach me how to play.在安妮最先做的事情中,有一件事就是教我怎么玩耍。

      I must have appeared to them to be simple.对他们来说我准是一个头脑简单的人。

      The greatest difficulty was finding a job for Tom.最大的困难是为汤姆找工作。

      5)副词。如:

      I’m afraid I must be off now.恐怕我得走了。

      He has been away on a long trip.他离家去长途旅行。

      6)介词短语。如:

      Annie was among the first to realize it.安妮是最先认识到这一点的人中的一个。

      How long has Bill been in bed? 比尔卧床休息多久了?

      7)词组。如:

      The classroom is three times the size of the bedroom.教室有卧室的三倍大。

      He was on his way to a lecture, when a tourist stopped him and asked for direction.他在去听课的路上被一名游客拦住问路。

      8)从句。如:

      Another good reason for taking a part-time job is that employers usually perfer to hire someone who has already some work experience.打零工

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