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  • 英语下册全册学案(人教版)

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    【课题】 Unit 10  Section A  1a-2c   (1课时)
    【学习目标】
        1.知识目标:学习反义疑问句的用法
    2.技能目标:提高学生的听说以及闲聊在英语表达中的定义和操练。
    3.情感目标:了解聊天的文化知识。
    【重点、难点】
    掌握反义疑问句的运用。
    【导学指导】
    温故知新     复习短语
    go swimming 去游泳  wait in line 排队   hate doing sth. 讨厌做某事 
    So am / do I 我也是。
    It looks like rain 看上去要下雨了。
    wait for the bus/ train 等车   be late for/to   迟到
    I hope so/not. 我希望如此/我不希望这样。   
    自主互助学习
    1、学生观察1a中的图片相互提问:A:what can you see in picture 1?
    B: I can see…….  A:What are they doing?  B: They are …….(学生通过相互提问熟悉图画内容,为听力做准备。)
    2、教师让学生归纳1a-2c中所出现的反意疑问句,让学生观察、总结反意疑问句的构成。知识剖析:  反意疑问句要点简述
    反意疑问句又叫附加疑问句,是在陈述句后,对陈述句所叙述的事实提出的疑问。
    其基本结构有两种:一是“肯定陈述句+简略否定问句”;
    二是“否定陈述句+简略肯定问句”。
    反意疑问句的前后两部分在时态、人称和数上都要保持一致。
    如:It looks like rain, doesn’t it?    
     He doesn’t need to work so late, does he?
    几种特殊情况:
        1. 陈述部分是there be 句型,疑问部分也用 there be 句型。
    There is a book on the desk, isn’t there?
     2. 陈述部分如有 nothing, nobody, never, few, little, hardly 等否定词时(不包括加否定前缀变来的,如:dislike, unhappy等),疑问部分用肯定形式。
         They have never been to the farm, have they?
    There is little water in the glass, is there?
    He dislikes history, doesn’t he?
     3. 陈述部分为祈使句时,反义部分用 will you , won’t you 。以Let’s开头的祈使句,疑问部分用 shall we .
         Go to the cinema now, will you?
        Let’s have a party, shall we?
       4. 陈述部分含宾语从句时,疑问部分一般反问主句,但主句含有 I/We think/believe/suppose … 时, 疑问部分要反问从句(要注意否定转移情况)。
    He knew that the woman was a thief, didn’t he ?
    I don’t think he is a good student, is he?
    【课堂练习】
    一、单项选择
    (   )1.The poor man needs our help,_____ he?
    A. isn’t      B. aren’t       C. doesn’t      D. hasn’t
    (   )2.It seldom rains here in spring,_____?
    A. is it       B. does it      C. isn’t it       D. doesn’t it
    (   )3.You don’t drink milk in the morning,_____?
    A. do you    B. don’t you   C. are you      D. aren’t you
    (   )4.—Look at the sky . I think the rain is going to stop soon.
    —_____.
    A. Me too    B Very good   C. Yes, I do     D.I hope so
    【要点归纳】
    1、掌握反意疑问句的结构及运用。 2、学会使用I hope so.
    【拓展练习】
        1.完成下列句子,找出正确图片,将图片代码填入题前括号内。

    (   )1.He is a singer,__________ __________?
    (   )2.They are playing baseball,__________ __________?
    (   )3.He walks to school every day,__________ __________?
    (   )4.It looks like rain,__________ __________?
    (   )5.You like this dress,__________ __________?
    【总结反思】
     
    【课题】 Unit10  Section A  3a -4 (1课时)
    【学习目标】
        1. 知识目标:继续学习反义疑问句的用法
    2. 情感目标:描述与陌生人聊天注意的事项,学习该聊些什么,如何将话题展开。
        通过学习与陌生人聊天来达到了解关心别人并增进友谊。
    【重点、难点】
        掌握反意疑问句的结构及运用。
    【导学指导】
    温故知新 (一分种内,完成下列单词及短语,组内互相交换检查.)
     1.中午______       2.含沙的_____  3.再见_____ 4.浏览____  5.下雨天______
    6.在周末____       7.去游泳__________         8.看起来像______ 
    9 .忘记带雨伞_______________      10.排队等候      
    自主互助学习
    学生观察3a中的图片相互讨论并预测3a答案
    知识剖析:学习反意疑问句,特别要注意的问题
    1.陈述句如果是there be结构时,疑问句部分仍用there。如:
    There once was a man named Saint Nicholas, wasn’t there?
    2. 在英语口语中,“I am +表语结构”,后面的反意疑问句多用aren’t I 来体现。
    如: I am very interested in learning English, aren’t I?
     3. 陈述句的主语是动词不定式,动词的-ing形式或从句,疑问部分的主语多用it来体现。如:Taking care of our environment is very important, isn’t it?
    What he said it is right, isn’t it?
    4. 陈述句中含有not, no, hardly, neither, never, few, little, too …to等否定词或具有否定意义的词时,疑问部分常用肯定形式。如:
    Few people knew the news, did they?
    Tom has never been to England, has he? 但陈述句中如果带有否定意义的前缀和后缀的单词时,整个句子仍视为肯定句,反意疑问部分多用否定形式。
    如:She is unhappy, isn’t she?
    5. 陈述句的主语是nobody, no one, everyone, somebody等不定代词时,反意疑问部分的主语多用they(当强调全体时)或he(当强调个体时)。如果陈述句的主语是something, nothing, anything, everything等不定代词时,反意疑问部分的主语多用it。
    如:No one knows him, do they?  
    Someone is waiting for you, isn’t he?
    Nobody says a word about the accident, do they?
         Everything seems all right, doesn’t it?
    6. 陈述句是主从复合句时,如果主句的谓语动词是think, believe, expect, feel, guess等词,且主语是第一人称I时,反意疑问部分的人称、时态与宾语从句保持一致,同时还要考虑到否定的转移。如:
    I believe that the boy can get a ticket for you, can’t he?
    【课堂练习】
    (   )1.—Do you think it will stop raining        noon ?
    —Well , it is really hard to say .
    A. in         B. by       C. on       D. for
    (   )2. —This is great weather , isn’t  it ?
          —It  is  sure . But it’s  a little hot        me .
    A. to         B. on       C. with     D. for
    (   )3.After you finish        your homework ,you can go online for a while ,but you are not allowed        computer games .
    A. doing , playing          B. to do , playing  
     C. doing , to play          D. to do , to play
     (   )4.Why        come a little earlier ? We have had a lot of delicious food prepared .
    A. don’t      B. don’t  you    C. not  to     D. aren’t  you
    (  )5. ____I haven’t  been to America.
     ——_____.
    A. So have I  B. Neither have I  C. So I have   D .Neither I have
    【要点归纳】
    反意疑问句
    【拓展练习】
      A.用所给单词的适当形式填空
    1.I am sure that it`s a_________________(rain) day tomorrow,do you think so?
    2.The day after tomorrow my grandmother is going to have her____________(ninety) birthday.
      3.This is a__________________(sand) field,so you can`t plant any rice in it.
      4.There is something wrong with my head,I am not ___________________(I) today.
      5.I have never ___________________(see) the film which is named “Hero”.
    B.完成下列反意疑问句。
    1 .It’s very hot today,   _______________ ?
    2. He can speak Chinese,   _______________ ?
    3. Meimei studies in a middle school,  _______________ ?
    4. He never gets up late ,  _______________ ?
    5. Don’t go out at night,  _______________ ?
    6. He never loves cold weather ,   _______________ ?
    7. You finished the task yesterday,   _______________ ?
    8. It  _______________  a  good day for swimming, is it?
    9. Tom has been to Singapore ,  _______________ ?
    10. The story is little interesting,  _______________ ?
    【总结反思】
     
    【课题】 Unit1 0 Section B  1a-2c  (1课时)
    【学习目标】
     1.知识目标:学习反义疑问句的用法。
    2.技能目标:提高学生的听说能力。闲聊在英语表达中的定义和操练。
    3.情感目标:了解聊天的文化知识。锻炼学生的人际交往能力
    【重点、难点】
    1.熟练掌握反义疑问句的运用。
    2.提高学生听力水平。
    3.如何在不同情景的聊天过程中选择成功的话题.
    【导学指导】
    温故知新 复习上节课所学知识,把你认为重要的词组、句子写出来,比一比谁写的多。
    自主互助学习
    情景导入(自主探究、合作交流)
    我们已经学了如何与陌生人进行闲聊,那么哪些话题是有礼貌的,哪些话题是不礼貌的,请同学们讨论1a中的图片内容。
    让学生明确: 在闲谈过程中,问别人一些私人问题(如年龄、收入等)是非常不礼貌的。应当避免。
    知识剖析:重点、难点句子
    1.P 79 1a How much did that shirt cost? 那件衬衣多少钱?
    句中cost作动词,意为“花费”,与pay, take, spend同义,但用法不同,其句型为“某物+cost +人+时间/金钱”。试比较下列句子:
     The book cost me five dollars.          这本书花了我5美元。
    It took me five dollars to buy the book.  买这本书花了我5美元。
    I spent five dollars on the book.        我花5美元买这本书。
    注意:四个表示“花费”的动词,其句式各不相同,小结为:
    (1)sth. cost sb. money某物花某人金钱
    (2)It takes sb. money to do sth. 花某人金钱做某事
    (3)sb. pay money for sth. 某人为某物花金钱
    (4)sb. spend money on sth. 某人在某物上花钱
    2. p79  This is a great party, isn’t it?
    陈述部分的主语是this, that时,疑问部分的主语多用it; 陈述部分的主语是these, those时,疑问部分的主语多用they。如:
    This is a dictionary, isn’t it?
    Those are shelves, aren’t they?
    预习准备
    中译英
    1.那件衬衫要多少钱?________________________________________
    2. 跟我谈谈你自己________________________________________
    3. 你是新来的,对吗?________________________________________
    4. 你觉得这所学校怎么样________________________________________?
    5. 星期五晚上的比赛________________________________________
    6. 一个球迷________________________________________
    7. 闲聊 ________________________
    8. 你总是去这所学校吗?______________________________________-
    【课堂练习】
        (   )1.There are few people in the room,       ?
    A.  are they    B. aren’t they  C. are there  D. aren’t there
    (   )2.——You are new here, aren’t you?
              ——          .
    A. Yes, I’m not  B. No, I am    C.Yes, I do  D.  Yes, I am
    (   )3.Allen         nearly two hours buying this ticket yesterday afternoon.
    A.  cost  B. spent   C. paid   D. took
    (   )4.——I haven’t been to an aquarium.
    ——            
    A. So have I  B. Neither have I   C. So I have   D. Neither I have
    (   )5.I’m really happy        the tickets.
    A.to have   B. have   C. has   D. having
    【要点归纳】
    反义疑问句的用法
    【拓展练习】
    1.That was a wonderful night,  _______________ ?
    2.Your sister helped him,  _______________ ?
    3.Tom is skating,  _______________ ?
    4.You aren’t a teacher,  _______________ ?
    5.They haven’t been to the Great Wall,  _______________ ?
    6.You will join the soccer team,  _______________ ?
    7.He likes neither apples nor pears,  _______________ ?
    8.There are some good books for you,  _______________ ?
    9.They have been there twice,  _______________ ?
    10.Let’s do it now,  _______________ ?
    【总结反思】
      
    【课题】 Unit 10  Section B  3a-4   (1课时)
    【学习目标】
        1.知识目标:学习反义疑问句的用法。
    2.能力目标:用反义疑问句进行对话练习,对别人的帮助表示感谢。
    3.情感目标:在掌握知识、培养技能的同时,培养学生学会感恩。
    【重点、难点】
        1.熟练掌握反义疑问句的运用。
    2.如何写好感谢便条.
    【导学指导】
    温故知新
    复习上节课所学知识,把你认为重要的词组、句子写出来,比一比谁写的多。
    自主互助学习
    1、自主学习,各小组自学3a,找出重点短语并说出其意思。
    2、小组讨论,阅读便条,选择合适的情景。
    3、反复朗读便条,你还有什么问题,现在小组内解决,小组解决不了的,提交给老师解决。
    4、小组内交流,共享,互相改正错误。
    【课堂练习】
      A 翻译:
    1、feel like__________           2、have a wonderful time________
       3、做某事很难________________  4、出现,发生_______________
        5、为……而感谢_____________   6、至少________________ 7、相处__________
    【要点归纳】
     一、 熟练掌握反义疑问句的运用。写好感谢便条。
    二、重点、难点句子
    1.P 80 3a I feel like part of the group new. 我感觉像是他们中的一员了。
    在这一句中,feel表示“感觉到”,而like意为“像”。feel like作为一个短语,意为“欲,想要”。其后常接名词或动名词作宾语。如:
     We’ll go for a walk if you feel like it. 如果你愿意,我们去散散步。
     I don’t feel like eating anything.     我不想吃任何东西。
    2.. P 80 3a Friends like you make it a lot easier to get along in a new place.
    有像你这样的一些朋友,使我在新的地方很快就适应了。
    动词短语get along意为“和睦相处,相处融洽”。
    get along还可用来表示“某方面的进展如何”。比较句子:
    He gets along well with his boss.        他和他的上司相处甚好。
    How is he getting along with his French? 他的法语学习的情况如何?
    3. Yes, at least it isn’t raining. 对,至少现在没有下雨。
     句中at least意为“至少”。least为little的最高级。又如:
    It will cost at least five pounds. 它至少值五英镑。
    【拓展练习】
    一、生活中你肯定接受过别人的礼物或帮助,我们应学会感恩,你的好朋友Lucy邀请你一起去航空博物馆,你们度过了一段美好的时光,现在请你写一张感谢便条,感谢Lucy的邀请.
    Dear Lucy:
    Thanks a lot for inviting me to the Flight Museum,______________
    _____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
                                    Yours sincerely
                                     _____________
    二、反意疑问句
     1.You dislike this kind of gifts,  _______________ ?
    2.Nothing is impossible,  _______________ ?
    3.Everything is possible,  _______________ ?
    4.He doesn’t go to school by bus,  _______________ ?
    5.There is little milk left in the bottle,  _______________ ?
    6.Let us clean the classroom by ourselves,  _______________ ?
    7.He has studied here for about four years,  _______________ ?
    8.You have never lost money before,  _______________ ?
    9.Few of them hurt themselves in the accident last night,  _______________ ?
    10.Peter could hardly see the words on the blackboard,  _______________ ?
    11.She’s American,  _______________ ?
    12.There will be a volleyball match in our school, _______________ ?
    13.Don’t smoke in the reading-room,  _______________ ?
    14.I don’t think he is right,  _______________ ?
    15.You must do your homework by yourself,  _______________ ?
    16.You mustn’t touch the machine,  _______________ ?
    17.He must be a worker,  _______________ ?
    18.Someone looked for me yesterday,  _______________ ?
    19.I’m a teacher,  _______________ ?
    20.What a nice watch,  _______________ ?
    21.I wish to use your ruler,  _______________ ?
    22.I have to stay at home,  _______________ ? 
    23.You’d better wear warm clothes today,  _______________ ?
    24.What he needs is his parents’ love,  _______________ ?
    25.You’d like a cup of tea,  _______________ ?
    26.Don’t be late again,  _______________ ?
    27.Their prices are really low,  _______________ ?
    28.Reading is good for you to learn English,  _______________ ?
    29.No one knows about it,  _______________ ?
    30.I think you should study hard,  _______________ ?
    【总结反思】
    【课题】 Unit1 0  Self check   (1课时)
    【学习目标】
    1、复习本单元中的重点单词、短语
    2、复习“不同的场景,如何开始闲聊”
    3、正确使用反意疑问句
    4、会写感谢信
    【重点、难点】
    1、正确使用反意疑问句
    2、会写感谢信
    【导学指导】
    温故知新 (单词、短语大风暴)
    在本单元中,你学过哪些单词和短语?把他们写下来,越多越好,看哪个组写得最多最好。
    _______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________   自主互助学习
    小组讨论self check 中的活动1 、2并完成相关练习。
    知识剖析:
       Yes, at least it isn’t raining.
    at least意为“至少”。least为little的最高级
    【课堂练习】
     1. I am on duty,  ___________?
    2. Your mother is a doctor, ___________?
    3. The weather here is very hot, ___________?
    4. That’s a Japanese car, ___________?
    5. Miss Gao teaches English, ___________?
    6. She doesn’t like apples, ___________?
    7. Tom had supper yesterday, ___________?
    8. She had to get there early, ___________?
    9. Mary can’t ride a bike, ___________?
    10. There is some milk in the glass, ___________?
    【要点归纳】
    正确使用反意疑问句。不同的场景,如何开始闲聊。
    【拓展练习】
       (   )1. We’ll go shopping ________ the weekend.
               A. at          B. on          C. in         D. for
    (   )2. —We’ll have a journey.
               —Have a ________ day.
               A. find          B. good            C. well           D. better
    (   )3. Will you ________ my article to find out whether I’ve made any mistake.
               A. look after    B. look through     C. look up      D. look into
    (   )4. She doesn’t feel _____ though she is______.
               A. alone; lonely  B. lonely; lonesome  C. lonely; alone  D. alone; lone
    (   )5. After the accident, the neighbors got _______well and helped each other.
    A.along          B. across           C. away         D. at
    (   )6. He can ________ the small river.
    A.pass           B. through          C. across        D. cross
    (   )7. --I wish you had brought your wife with you.
             --I’ll get her ________ on the next trip.
               A. coming along with me    B. to come on with me
               C. to come along with me   D. with me to come along
    (   )8. ______ English well, you should read it ______ twenty minutes a day.
               A. Studying; at least           B. To study; at most
               C. Study; at least            D. To study; at least
    (   )9. We had a small ______when I met him yesterday.
    A.talk             B. speak           C. say             D. tell
    (   )10.The room was ________ with guests.
    A.crow            B. crowed          C. crowded        D. crowd
    (   )11. Jim saw so much good at the ________that he didn’t know what to choose.
    A.cabinet          B. cake            C. cable         D.dining room
    (   )12. We had a meeting three days ago, _________we?
    A.haven’t          B. didn’t           C. hadn’t          D. shall
    (   )13. Jim comes from England, ________?
               A. does he        B. is he            C. don’t he        D. doesn’t he
    (   )14. He can hardly speak French, ________?
               A. can’t he      B. doesn’t he       C. can he         D. does he
    (   )15. Nothing grows on top of the mountain,
              _________?
               A. do it           B. doesn’t it         C. do they        D. does it
    【总结反思】

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