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    354期高一教案
    Ownership dispute (P2)
    大连市第二十高级中学 陈娇


    I.  Skimming
    Read this article and answer the questions.
    1. What did the Phillippine government claim recently?
    2. What is the Chinese government's attitude toward it?

    II. Scanning
    Fill in the blanks to get a general idea about the islands.
    The South China Sea is made up of _______, _________, ______. Most of the islands are _____________. From the early 1970s, countries like Vietnam, the Philippines and Malaysia have _________ part of the islands and their reefs for the rich sea and oil resources found there. And recently ________ has asked countries to hand in details of their maritime territories before May 13. Nations who have coveted (觊觎) China 's islands are trying to _______ their territories there before that date. So a series of territorial _________ between China and its neighbors in the South China Sea happened. But The Chinese Government made statements that those countries' acts are _________.

    2.Fill in the form below to show what evidence exists to prove that the islands belong to China.

    Time
     Event
     
     
     These islands were mentioned in a Chinese book called Yiwu Zhi.
     
    In The Ming Dynasty
     
     
    In The Yuan Dynasty
     
     
     
     Japan returned the Nansha Islands to China, which were occupied during World War II.
     

    III. Vocabulary
    Try to find out the proper words and expressions from this article.
    1. territorial (a.) —— (n.) ________________
    2. produce (v.) —— (n.)  ________________
    3. peace (n.) ——(a.)       ________________
    4. oppose (v.) ——(n.)    ________________
    5. discover (v.) ——(n.)  ________________
    6. 声称                _______________________
    7. 发表声明         _______________________
    8. 追溯                _______________________
    9. 表示强烈抗议 _______________________
    10. 占领             _______________________
     
    IV. Practice     
    Complete the sentences with the given words or phrases:

    a series of, spread, be filled with, occupy, claim, make a statement, dispute, latest, the first

    He was said to be___________ to reach the destination.
    The post office will issue ______________ new stamps.
    The rumor quickly ________ through the village.
    We are much heartened by the ________ developments.
    Does anyone _________ this umbrella?
    Johnson & Johnson (强生)_________________ that their products don’t do harm to babies.
    This hotel _________ a central position in the city.
    We all hope the __________ over territory can be peacefully settled.
    At the news, her eyes ________________ tears.
     


    Confucius to enter UK classrooms (P4)
    大连市第二十高级中学 李玲玲


    I.  Skimming
    What is Britain’s Schools Minister Jim Knight going to do after he returns from China?
    Why has Knight decided to do this?


    II. Scanning
    Find in the passage the contribution Confucius made to the Chinese people.
    ________________________________________________________________.
    List Confucius' main idea.
    _____________________________________________________________.
    ____________________________________________________________.


    III Think About it
    What was Confucius’s attitude when he said: “when I walk along with two others, they may serve me as many teachers.”?
    A. considerate                B. modest   

     C. generous                  D. confused


    IV. Useful expressions
    Find the words and expressions in the passage.
    1、起草计划     
    2、一段时间     
    3、允许某做某事 
    4、持有…的答案 
    5、不是…而是… 
    6、贯穿历史     
    7、从中受益     
    8、带有某种信念 
    9、提高考试成绩 
    10、培养责任感和道德品质


    V. Discussions
    If you are to meet a foreign friend who is interested in Confucius’s thoughts, what would you like to introduce to him or her?

    Woman pilot made history (P4)
    内蒙古锡林郭勒盟宝昌第一中学 张彦苹

    I. Reading
    Skimming
    Fill in the blanks about the general idea of the story of Amelia Earhart. (Each blank for one word)
    Amelia Earhart, who was ________ in ________ women in male-dominated professions, later ________ all her life to aviation. Now she is still remembered as a brave ________ for both aviation and for women.
      Scanning
    Getting to know more about Amelia Earhart
    Finish the table below according to the timeline.


    timeline What happened
     
    in 1897
     
     
    in 1920
     
     
    In 1932
     
     
    Around 1937
     
     
    in July 1937
     
     

    Put the following things in order.
    A. Earhart had a ten-minute flight in a plane.
    B. Earhart failed in her first attempt at flying around the world.
    C. Earhart and Fred Noonan disappeared in mid-flight to Howland Island.
    D. Earhart designed a flying suit for women.
    E. Earhart began to make as much money as she could to pay for  flying lessons and to buy a second-hand plane.

    F. Earhart flew across the Atlantic on her own.

    II. Language study
    1. Read the following sentences and try to guess the missing words. The first letter is given to help you. (The words can be found in the story.)
    His first c________ upon arriving in the foreign land was to learn to speak the local language.
    The similarity between their features is so s__________ that you won’t miss it.
    As soon as they found out I was a doctor their whole a__________ changed.
    All a__________ to control inflation (通货膨胀) have failed.
    Flight 846 l__________ five minutes ago.
    The sun had d__________ behind a cloud.

    Translate the following into English, using the sentence structure in brackets.

     她对那些在男性为主的职业领域中获得成就的女性的事迹很感兴趣。(... who)
    _____________________________________________________________________.

    飞机一起飞,她就意识到自己爱上了飞行。(as soon as)
    _____________________________________________________________________.

    她是第一位单独飞越大西洋的女飞行员,也是唯一一位飞越两次的人。(the first woman to...)
    _____________________________________________________________________.

    无论对于航空事业还是对于妇女而言,她都被人们当做一位勇敢的开拓者而怀念。(be remembered as)
    _____________________________________________________________________.

    III. Think about it
    What words would you use to describe Amelia Earhart's personality?

     Salt makes us happy (P6)
    内蒙古锡林郭勒盟宝昌第一中学 张彦苹


    I. Reading
    Skimming
    What does the story suggest you do if you feel blue or depressed?
    Scanning
    What did the researchers find about salt according to the following facts?


    Facts Conclusions
     
    1
     The minerals in salt are required by the body — in small quantities — to help move fluid in and out of cells.
     Eating too much ______________
     
    2
     When rats  lack  salt, they don’t do activities they normally enjoy
     Taking not enough salt ______________
     
    3
     Many people are told to reduce salt due to health concerns, but they have trouble doing so.
     Salt is ______________
     

    Causes
     Effects
     
    In the Stone Age, people hunted most of their food, and ate a lot of red meat, which has plenty of salt in it.
     People didn't need to ____________.
     
    When people began to farm, they started to eat mainly grains like rice and wheat, which has not that much salt in it.
     

    Then people had to _____________.
     
    The recommended daily salt intake for an adult is four grams, however, most adults in the developed world consume around ten grams a day.
       Many people suffer from___________.
     


    II. Word study
    Match the words in column A with the words with similar meanings in column B, and
    then complete the sentences with the words in column A.
    A

    depressed
    frustrated
    normally
    substance
    sensation
    due to

    B

    because of
    blue
    usually
    discouraged
    somethingawareness
     


    1. The leaves were covered with a strange sticky _______.
    2. She has been absent from work _______ illness.
    3. Caroline had the _______ that she was being watched.
    4. The journey _______ takes about two hours.
    5. He gets _______ when people don't understand what he's trying to say.
    6. I was _______ at the thought of all the hard work ahead.


    III. Sentence study
    Complete the following sentences and pay attention to the conjunction.
    1.___________________________, although too much salt is harmful.
    2. They take in much salt every day, which __________________________.
    3. When sadness strikes you, ___________________________.
    4. Scientists discovered that___________________________________.
    5.______________________________, however, we still eat a lot of salt.

    Iv. Writing
    Rewrite the story into an article of around 50 words. The beginning has been
    given to you.
    Some scientists have recently found that eating salt can help people feel less
    depressed. _________________________________________________________.
    _________________________________________________________________
    ___________________________________________________________________.

    Possible Answers

    Ownership dispute (P2)
    I. Skimming
    1. Last week, the Philippine government claimed that Nansha Islands and Huangyan
    Island are part of the Philippine's territory.
    2. The Chinese government expressed strong opposition (反对) and protest to the
    claim..

    II. Scanning
    1.
    Dongsha, Xisha, Zhongsha and Nansha islands, uninhabited, occupied, the United
    Nations, increase, disputes, illegal.

    2.
    In The East Han Dynasty
    Fishermen started to fish some sea produce around Nansha islands.
    The islands were marked on maps.
    In 1952

    III. Vocabulary
    1. territory 2. produce 3. peaceful 4. opposition 5. discovery
    6. claim/ make a claim 7. make statements 8. date back
    9. express strong protest to 10. occupy

    IV. Practice
    1. the first 2. a series of 3. spread 4. latest 5. claim
    6. made a statement 7. occupies 8. dispute 9. filled with

    Confucius to enter UK classrooms (P4)
    Skimming
    1. Knight is going to add Confucian ideas to the English students' curriculum.
    2. Because he believes the great philosopher could hold the answer to the
    country's education problems. And he also believes teaching Confucian thought
    in English classrooms might improve exam results.

    Scanning
    1. Confucius promoted education among ordinary people at a time when only
    the nobility were allowed to go to school.
    2.
    He stresses the need to develop responsibility and moral character through strict
    rules of behavior.

    Doctrine of Mean is his other idea, which expresses an ideal of moderation.
    Confucius believed practicing the Doctrine of Mean could achieve harmony in
    society and with heaven.

    III B

    IV Useful expressions
    1. draw up plans 2. in a time 3. allow sb. to do sth. 4. hold the answer to
    5. not… but… 6. throughout history 7. benefit from
    8. with the belief that… 9. improve the exam results
    10. develop responsibility and moral character

    Woman pilot made history (P4)
    I. interested successful devoted pioneer

    Time line What happened
    in 1897 Earhart was born
    in 1920 Earhart decided to learn flying after she tried a short flight.
    In 1932 Earhart flew across the Atlantic on her own.
    around 1937 Earhart took the challenge of flying around the world.
    in June 1937 Earhart began her second try to fly across the world after she failed her
    first attempt.

    AEFDBC

    II.
    1. challenge striking attitude attempt landed disappeared

    2.
    ① She was very interested in stories about women who were successful in
    male-dominated professions.
    ② As soon as the plane left the ground/took off, Earhart knew that she loved
    flying.
    ③ She became the first woman to make the solo crossing and the only person
    to make the crossing twice.
    ④ Earhart is remembered as a brave pioneer for both aviation and for women.

    III.
    Optimistic, fearless, confident, etc

    Salt makes us happy (P6)
    I. The story suggests us eating some salty foods when feeling blue and depressed.

    Facts Conclusions
    1 The minerals in salt are required by the body — in small quantities — to help move fluid in and out of cells. Eating too much can lead to high blood pressure and heart disease
    2
    When rats are deficient in salt, they don't do activities they normally enjoy. Taking not enough salt can cause "psychological depressions"
    3
    Many people are told to reduce salt due to health concerns, but they have trouble doing so. Salt is an addictive substance — almost like a drug.

    Causes Effects
    In the Stone Age, people hunted most of their food, and ate a lot of red meat, which has plenty of salt in it. People didn't need to find salt to eat.
    When people began to farm, they started to eat mainly grains like rice and wheat, which has not that much salt in it. Then they had to find another way to get salt.
    The recommended daily salt intake for an adult is four grams, however, most adults in the developed world consume around ten grams a day. Many people suffer from high blood and heart disease in developed nations.


    1. substance 2. due to 3. sensation 4. normally 5. frustrated 6.depressed

    III.
    1. Not enough salt can cause depression, although too much salt is harmful..
    2. They take in much salt every day, which is harmful for their health.
    3. When sadness strikes you, you could try eating some salty food.
    4. Scientists discovered that eating salt may help you not feel that depressed.
    5. We know too much salt is bad, however, we still eat a lot of salt.
    Iv.
    Some scientists have recently found that eating salt can help people feel less
    depressed. However, eating too much can cause high blood pressure and heart disease.
    And also salt is an addictive substance. That's why many people are told to reduce salt
    intake due to health concerns, but they find it hard to do so.

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